3LHD：The Karlovac freshwater aquarium is located by the river Korana. The building volume is partially dug into the ground and covered with earthen embankments and greenery from its outer edges. The design concept was inspired by the city’s historic center “Karlovac star” surrounded by “?anci” – defensive earthen walls and mounds. The goal was to form a new city focal point and to validate the promenade by the river. Three walking routes were formed: towards the city center and the river; towards the south and the sports and recreational center; and towards east and the road access. A new point is located at the junction of the walking routes – a square around which all of the aquarium facilities are located: entrance spaces, souvenir shop, cafe bar, library and offices.
The aquarium is located above and below the tourist trail. In the upper part of the river, the sound calmed down and tourists entered the cave of rocks, a unique species. Shows the flora, fauna and biodiversity of karst rivers. The big crack starts from the square and then continues to form a river-like slope inside the building, extending down to the ground. The roof is embedded in the natural environment and covered with green plants.
The aquarium exhibition displays the flora and fauna of Croatian rivers and their ecosystems. The display layout follows the flow of a karst river – together with its flora, fauna and biodiversity. The exhibition starts outside, with a water surface on the square. It continues inside the building with a system of ramps that wind like a river down into the basement level because specific plant and animal species require complete control of lighting conditions in order to survive. Aquariums are placed along, above and below the visitor paths. Along the pedestrian ramps the fish are first observed from above, as they are when walking along the river; and then from the sides – they can be seen below the water surface. After the headwaters (upper part of a river) the sounds quiet down, visitors plunge into caves that feature endemic species which are often found in subterranean streams. The space expands, lighting comes from the tanks, and visitors can take a break in the central area, listen to the sounds recorded in caves, and observe the exhibited endemic species. After the cave, the visitors arrive to an aquarium with larger specimens of rare species that have disappeared from their natural habitats in Croatia. The visitors can observe the fish and aquatic plants that live in warmer parts of the riverbed. The aquariums are seen from the side, and then from underneath as the visitors walk into a tunnel that evokes immersion into a river. After the tunnel, visitors pass through a series of aquariums with water lilies and rushes usually present downstream, in the marshy habitats of a river. The exhibition ends with a system of cascading aquariums whose biotopes display waterfalls and a travertine barrier.
景观设计：Luka Brni? (Ure?enje krajobraza d.o.o.), Ines Hrdalo
结构工程:Ivan Palijan, Sini?a Luli? (Palijan d.o.o.)
管道排水和水族馆技术:Nenad ?utevski (Vodotehnika d.d.)
管道和排水系统:Tomislav Fujs (Vodotehnika d.d.)
电气工程:Erol ?i?i?, Antonio Prani?evi? (Projekting 1970)
机械设备:Zlatko Jakopli? (Ured 3T d.o.o.)
Venue: 8327 square meters
Architect: Studio 3LHD
Landscape design: Luka Brni? (Ure?enje krajobraza d.o.o.), Ines Hrdalo
Structural Engineering: Ivan Palijan, Sini?a Luli? (Palijan d.o.o.)
Pipeline drainage and aquarium technology: Nenad ?utevski (Vodotehnika d.d.)
Plumbing and drainage systems: Tomislav Fujs (Vodotehnika d.d.)
Electrical Engineering: Erol ?i?i?, Antonio Prani?evi? (Projekting 1970)
Mechanical equipment: Zlatko Jakopli? (Ured 3T d.o.o.)