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Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆

3LHD:Karlovac淡水水族馆位于Korana河附近。这座水族建筑的灵感来自于这座城市的历史中心,周围环绕着防御土墙和土丘,这座水族建筑嵌入在自然环境中,并被绿色植物覆盖。目标是形成一个新的城市中心点,并形成新的旅游景点。在大楼的中心有一个正方

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3LHD:Karlovac淡水水族馆位于Korana河附近。这座水族建筑的灵感来自于这座城市的历史中心,周围环绕着防御土墙和土丘,这座水族建筑嵌入在自然环境中,并被绿色植物覆盖。目标是形成一个新的城市中心点,并形成新的旅游景点。在大楼的中心有一个正方形区域,所有的设施都围绕着它:展览、阅览室、咖啡厅和办公场所。

3LHD:The Karlovac freshwater aquarium is located by the river Korana. The building volume is partially dug into the ground and covered with earthen embankments and greenery from its outer edges. The design concept was inspired by the city’s historic center “Karlovac star” surrounded by “?anci” – defensive earthen walls and mounds. The goal was to form a new city focal point and to validate the promenade by the river. Three walking routes were formed: towards the city center and the river; towards the south and the sports and recreational center; and towards east and the road access. A new point is located at the junction of the walking routes – a square around which all of the aquarium facilities are located: entrance spaces, souvenir shop, cafe bar, library and offices.

 

Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图1)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图2)    Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图3)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图4)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图5)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图6)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图7)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图8)

水族馆位于游客小径的上方和下方。在河流的上部,声音平静下来,游客们进了特有物种岩石洞穴。展示了喀斯特河流的植物群,动物群和生物多样性。大裂缝从广场上开始,然后继续在建筑物内部形成一个像河流一样的斜坡,向下延伸到地下。屋顶嵌入在自然环境中,并被绿色植物覆盖。

The aquarium is located above and below the tourist trail. In the upper part of the river, the sound calmed down and tourists entered the cave of rocks, a unique species. Shows the flora, fauna and biodiversity of karst rivers. The big crack starts from the square and then continues to form a river-like slope inside the building, extending down to the ground. The roof is embedded in the natural environment and covered with green plants.

 

Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图9)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图10)   Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图11)   Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图12)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图13)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图14)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图15)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图16)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图17)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图18)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图19)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图20)

随后,游客们来到了一个拥有更大的稀有物种标本的水族馆。这条象征性的河流从地下露出水面。游客们可以观察到那些生活在温暖的河床上的鱼和水生植物,然后从下面进入一条隧道,这条隧道会让你沉浸在河流里。一系列带有睡莲和芦苇的水族箱代表着河流的沼泽栖息地。最后,一个楼梯和一个电梯通过礼品店把参观者送回入口大厅。

The aquarium exhibition displays the flora and fauna of Croatian rivers and their ecosystems. The display layout follows the flow of a karst river – together with its flora, fauna and biodiversity. The exhibition starts outside, with a water surface on the square. It continues inside the building with a system of ramps that wind like a river down into the basement level because specific plant and animal species require complete control of lighting conditions in order to survive. Aquariums are placed along, above and below the visitor paths. Along the pedestrian ramps the fish are first observed from above, as they are when walking along the river; and then from the sides – they can be seen below the water surface. After the headwaters (upper part of a river) the sounds quiet down, visitors plunge into caves that feature endemic species which are often found in subterranean streams. The space expands, lighting comes from the tanks, and visitors can take a break in the central area, listen to the sounds recorded in caves, and observe the exhibited endemic species. After the cave, the visitors arrive to an aquarium with larger specimens of rare species that have disappeared from their natural habitats in Croatia. The visitors can observe the fish and aquatic plants that live in warmer parts of the riverbed. The aquariums are seen from the side, and then from underneath as the visitors walk into a tunnel that evokes immersion into a river. After the tunnel, visitors pass through a series of aquariums with water lilies and rushes usually present downstream, in the marshy habitats of a river. The exhibition ends with a system of cascading aquariums whose biotopes display waterfalls and a travertine barrier.

 

Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图21)   Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图22)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图23)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图24)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图25)

Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图26)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图27)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图28)

Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图29)Karlovac淡水水族馆和河流博物馆 (图30)

竣工:2016.08
地址:克罗地亚
场地:8327平方米
建筑师:Studio 3LHD
景观设计:Luka Brni? (Ure?enje krajobraza d.o.o.), Ines Hrdalo
结构工程:Ivan Palijan, Sini?a Luli? (Palijan d.o.o.)
管道排水和水族馆技术:Nenad ?utevski (Vodotehnika d.d.)
管道和排水系统:Tomislav Fujs (Vodotehnika d.d.)
电气工程:Erol ?i?i?, Antonio Prani?evi? (Projekting 1970)
机械设备:Zlatko Jakopli? (Ured 3T d.o.o.)

Completion: 2016.08
Address: Croatia
Venue: 8327 square meters
Architect: Studio 3LHD
Landscape design: Luka Brni? (Ure?enje krajobraza d.o.o.), Ines Hrdalo
Structural Engineering: Ivan Palijan, Sini?a Luli? (Palijan d.o.o.)
Pipeline drainage and aquarium technology: Nenad ?utevski (Vodotehnika d.d.)
Plumbing and drainage systems: Tomislav Fujs (Vodotehnika d.d.)
Electrical Engineering: Erol ?i?i?, Antonio Prani?evi? (Projekting 1970)
Mechanical equipment: Zlatko Jakopli? (Ured 3T d.o.o.)


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